>>>> Knight Templar (1120 -- 1312) ; Chronology Part #1 <<<<
1095 -- The FIRST CRUSADE is called by Pope Urban II.
1099 -- Jerusalem is captured by First Crusade, the Kingdom of Jerusalem is established.
c. 1119 -- A group of knights connected to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem found a religious brotherhood to fight Muslim bandits in the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1120 -- The clergy of the Church Council at Nablus agree that the new brotherhood is a valid religious order and King Baldwin II of Jerusalem gives the brothers his palace in the former Aqsa mosque: “The Temple of Solomon”, so they become “Templars.”
1128 -- Countess Teresa of Portugal promises the Order of Temple the castle of Soure on the Muslim frontier of Portugal.
1129 -- Council of Troyes (in Champagne, France). The Order of the Temple receives papal approval and the Latin religious rule of the Order is established.
Early 1130’s -- Bernard, abbot of Clairvaux, writes “in praise of the new knighthood” for Hugh de Payns, Master of the Order of the Temple, to encourage the new Order.
1131 -- Count Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona gives the Templars the border stronghold of Granyena.
1134 -- King Alphonso I of Aragon dies , bequeathing his kingdom to the Templars, the Hospitallers and the canons of the Holy Sepulcher.
1136-7 -- The Templars are established in the Amanus March, the frontier area north of Antioch in Syria (now Antakya, Turkey).
Nicholson, W. Reynolds (Illus.), “Knight Templar (1120 - 1312),” Warrior-91, Osprey Pub. (Great Britain, 2004)